Varma

Notes to the financial statements

Accounting principles

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with the Finnish Accounting Act, Companies Act, Insurance Companies Act, Employee Pension Insurance Companies Act and the Act on calculating the solvency limit and covering technical provisions in pension institutions. In addition, the decree of the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health concerning the financial statements and consolidated financial statements of insurance companies, as well as the calculation bases confirmed by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health and the regulations and guidelines of the Financial Supervisory Authority are complied with.

Consolidated Financial Statements

In addition to the parent company, those companies in which the Group holds more than 50 per cent of the votes (controlling interest) either directly or indirectly have been consolidated in the consolidated financial statements as subsidiaries.

On the closing date, the parent company has 203 (224) real estate companies and 2 (2) other companies as subsidiaries. The companies belonging to the Group are listed in the Notes to the Annual Accounts.

The consolidated financial statements are compiled as combinations of the income statement, balance sheets and notes. When the Consolidated Financial Statements are compiled, intra-group income and charges, profit distribution, amounts due to or from Group companies and cross-shareholdings are eliminated. However, Tieto Esy Ltd, in which Varma has a 14.4% shareholding but holds over 50% of the votes from all the shares, is consolidated using the equity method. Subsidiaries acquired during the year are consolidated from the moment of acquisition. Subsidiaries divested during the year are consolidated until the moment of divestment. The minority interest in the result and in capital and reserves are shown under their own separate heading.

Intra-group cross-shareholdings are eliminated using the acquisition method. The resulting consolidation difference is allocated to subsidiaries' asset items proportional to their fair values, and depreciated in accordance with the depreciation plans of these asset items. Revaluations on Group companies’ shares are shown in the consolidated balance sheet as a revaluation of real estate owned by a subsidiary.

Relevant associated companies in which the Group holds 20–50 per cent of all the votes are included in the consolidated financial statements using the equity method. Housing and real estate companies are not treated as associated companies. Their non-inclusion has a minimal effect on Group profit and capital and reserves, since the expenses arising from these companies are covered by the maintenance charges collected from their owners.

The Group owns 50 per cent of the guarantee capital and 25 per cent of the votes of Kaleva Mutual Insurance Company, which is not, however, included in the consolidated financial statement due to limitations concerning controlling interest and distribution of profits.

Share of associated companies’ profit or loss is included in the consolidated income statement. The Group’s share of the associated companies’ profit or loss produced after the day of acquisition is added in the consolidated balance sheet to the acquisition cost of the associated company in question.

Associated companies are listed in the notes (12 and 13) to the financial statements.

Book value of investments

Investments in land and buildings are entered in the balance sheet at the lower of acquisition cost less depreciation or fair value. The values of real estate have been revaluated in the previous years. Revaluation of buildings entered as income is also depreciated according to plan.

Shares and participations are entered in the balance sheet at the lower of acquisition cost or fair value.

Money-market instruments are entered in the balance sheet at the lower of acquisition cost or fair value. Changes in value due to interest rate fluctuations are not entered. The difference between the nominal value and acquisition cost of the money-market instruments is allocated to interest income and its reduction over the maturity of the instrument. The counterpart entry for the allocations entered as an increase or decrease in the acquisition cost is shown in the notes to the balance sheet. The acquisition cost is the average price calculated for each instrument.

Loan receivables are entered in the balance sheet at the lower of nominal value or probable value.

Value adjustments made to investments in the previous financial years are entered in the income statement as value readjustments corresponding to the value appreciation.

Premium receivables and other receivables

Premium receivables and other receivables are valued at the lower of nominal value or probable value.

Derivative contracts

Derivative contracts for hedging purposes are valued together with the hedged item. If no change in value is entered in the income statement for the hedged balance sheet item, no entry is recorded in the income statement for the hedging contract, unless the negative value change exceeds the positive value change in the hedging contract. If a value readjustment is entered for the hedged item, the value change of the derivative used is entered in its entirety as an expense. Resulting income and expenses are entered as adjustments in value adjustments and readjustments.

Negative value adjustments of derivative financial instruments other than those created for the purposes of hedging are entered in the income statement as an expense. The profits and losses resulting from the termination or expiration of contracts are entered as income or expenses for the financial year.

Income and expenses from interest rate derivatives are entered under interest income.

Depreciation according to plan

The acquisition cost of buildings, including components in buildings, movable property and other expenses with long-term effects, are depreciated according to plan over their useful lives. Revaluation of buildings entered as income is also depreciated according to plan. The straight-line depreciation method is applied to planned depreciation using the following economic useful lives:

Residential, office and business premises, hotels40–60 yrs
Industrial premises and warehouses25–50 yrs
Components in buildings10 yrs
Equipment7–10 yrs
Computer hardware3 yrs
Transport equipment5 yrs
Other expenses with long-term effects5–10 yrs

Fair values of investments

The fair values of real estate and real estate shares are measured item by item as prescribed in the regulations of the Financial Supervisory Authority and based on the opinions of the company’s own and external experts.

The last available buying rates or, if these are not available, closing prices at the balance sheet date are used as fair values for listed securities.

Investments in private equity funds are entered in the balance sheet at fair value estimated by the management company or, if this is not available, at acquisition cost. Investments in mutual funds are entered at the last available value of the share calculated by the management company.

The fair value of other shares and participations is the purchase price or the net realisable value or the net asset value.

The fair value of money-market instruments is primarily based on market value. If the market value is not available and the value of the investment cannot be reliably determined, the fair value is determined by using estimates by external parties or commonly approved calculation models, or the fair value is the purchase price.

Receivables are entered at the lower of nominal value or probable value.

Fair values of derivative contracts, and related liabilities and guarantees

The method for determining the fair values of derivative contracts, the liabilities and the collateral received and given to cover the clearing of derivative transactions are presented in the notes to the financial statement under Contingent liabilities and liabilities not included in the balance sheet.

Loaned securities

Loaned securities are included in the balance sheet. They are presented in the notes to the balance sheet under Guarantees and liabilities, Loaned securities (Note 31).

Profit for the year, and capital and reserves

In an earnings-related pension insurance company, the parent company’s profit after taxes in the income statement is determined by calculation bases confirmed in advance by the Finnish Minis-try of Social Affairs and Health. The division of the parent company’s capital and reserves between the insurance portfolio and the owners of the guarantee capital is presented in the notes to the financial statements.

Solvency capital

Solvency capital is calculated as the difference between the assets and debts valued at fair value. It comprises capital and reserves, accumulated appropriations, valuation differences and the provision for future bonuses.

Since the beginning of 2013 solvency capital also includes the equalisation provision. Solvency requirements were also amended.

The minimum limit of the solvency capital is one third of the solvency limit. The solvency limit is determined using a risk-theory-based method taking into account the allocation of investments into different asset classes and their mutual correlations as required in legislation. When the limit is calculated, investments are classified according to their actual risk.

The solvency position is the ratio of the solvency capital to the solvency limit. The solvency ratio is the ratio of the solvency capital to the technical provisions, which does not include the provision for future bonuses.

Solvency capital and the solvency limit are presented in the notes to the financial statements.

Taxes

Taxes for the financial year and previous financial years are recognised in the income statement on an accrual basis.

Deferred tax liabilities or assets are not calculated for temporary differences between income statement items and income and expenses approved in taxation, such as confirmed losses or tax credits, because the company's net result is determined by calculation bases confirmed in advance by the Finnish Ministry of Social Affairs and Health. Nor is the deferred tax liability or asset calculated in the mutual real estate companies owned by the Group, because they are not significant for the companies in question or the Group.

Foreign-currency-denominated investments

Foreign-currency-denominated investments are entered at the lower of rate on the date of trans-action or rate at the balance sheet date, in such a way, however, that also the effect of the change on the investment’s market price is taken into account in the valuation. Currency conversion differences are entered as adjustments to income and expenses. Currency conversion differences for cash at bank and in hand and deposits and items that cannot be entered as adjustments to income and expenses are entered under investment income and charges. When calculating fair values, the European Central Bank average rates quoted on 31 December are used.

Operating expenses and depreciation by function

Operating expenses and the depreciation of furniture and fixtures and expenses with long-term effects are included in the items of the income statement by function. In the income statement, the operating expenses from operations related to compensations and operations for the maintenance of workability are included in claims paid, and expenses related to investment management are included in investment charges. The expenses of insurance policy acquisition and management and administration are presented as net operating expenses. Statutory fees and payments are included in the administrative expenses. Planned depreciation on buildings is presented as investment expenses.

Pension plans and remuneration statement

Statutory pension coverage for personnel is arranged through TyEL insurance and supplemented by voluntary pension insurances. The pension plans of the President and CEO and his deputy are explained in the notes to the financial statements (Note 7). A salary and remuneration statement in accordance with the Financial Supervisory Authority’s recommendation has been published on Varma’s website and in the Annual Report.

Balance sheet and income statement at fair values

In addition to the information required by the regulations, the parent company’s income statement and balance sheet at fair values are presented in the notes to the financial statement. The purpose of this is to improve the transparency of the annual account information of an earnings-related pension insurance company.

The main components of the solvency capital shown separately and measuring solvency in the balance sheet are the capital and reserves, provision for future bonuses and valuation differences of investments. The equalisation provision is also included in solvency capital. The provision for current bonuses reserved for the payment of client bonuses and equity-linked provision for current/future bonuses are shown on their own lines. Investments and their net return are shown at fair value. The interest credited on technical provisions is included under change in technical provision. The company’s operating expenses have been combined into one line in the income statement.

Investments classified according to risk

The notes to the financial statements report investments and their returns classified according to risk. The stipulations of the Financial Supervisory Authority concerning the calculation of the financial key figures are also used in the calculation of the return percentages. The method is described in the section Key figures and analyses.

Key figures and analyses

The key figures and analyses describing financial development are calculated and presented in accordance with the stipulations of the Financial Supervisory Authority concerning notes to the financial statements.

The key figures and analyses for investment operations and solvency are presented at fair values.

Net investment income at fair values over invested capital has been calculated by type of investment and for the total amount of investments with reference to daily or monthly time-weighted cash or output flow.

The return for the period has been calculated using a modified Dietz formula (time and money weighted formula) so that invested capital has been calculated by adding to the opening market value the cash flow for the period (cash flow/output flow = purchases - sales - income + expenses) weighted by the relative share of the length of the period that is left from the date of the event to the end of the period.